Mahakumbh is recognized as a very sacred affair for the Hindus across the globe; worldwide Mahakumbh is recognized as the largest gathering of humans for a single event. Mahakumbh is a fair organized in every 3 years at 4 different locations alternatively; this means that one location hosts Mahakumbh fair in every 12 years. According to Hindu mythological ancient scriptures of Veda suggests that Kumbh mela has been organized since starting of the time; however oldest scripture about Kumbh fair in modern history found is travel blog of ancient Chinese traveler Hiuen Tsang. So here we discuss some facts on Kumbh Mela: -
1. The Kumbh Mela has held every three years and switches between four different locations namely – Haridwar (on the banks of River Ganges), Prayag (Merging of rivers Yamuna, Ganga, and Saraswati), Ujjain (on the banks of River Kshipra) and Nasik (on the banks of River Godavari). The mela returns to each location after a span of 12 years.
2. ‘Kumbh’ literally means pot, this pot symbolizes the divine pot filled with nectar. The story behind the mela goes back to the time when the gods (devas) were also mortal. Sage Durvasa’s curse had weakened them, and the asuras (demons) caused havoc in the world.
3. In order to bring peace to all worlds Lord Brahma devas to churn out the nectar of immortality with the help of the asuras. When the asura got to know of the devas trick of not sharing the nectar with them, they chased devas for 12 days. During the chase, some of the nectar fell at the four locations namely Haridwar, Prayag, Ujjain & Nashik.
4. It is believed that the waters of these sacred rivers are said to turn into nectar on some special dates & on these dates Kumbh Mela is held. The exact dates are calculated using ancient astrological calculations where the combination of zodiac positions of Jupiter, the Sun, and the Moon are observed.
5. Hindus believe that those who bathe in the sacred waters during the Kumbh Mela are blessed with the grace of God. All the sins are washed and they come one step closer to salvation.
6. The Kumbh Mela in Allahabad in 2013 gathering of a record crowd of approximately 10 crore people was recorded which is the largest gathering of people in any single event.
7. Several holy men from all sects of Hinduism attend the mela, such as the Nagas (who do not wear any clothes), Kalpwasis (who bathe thrice a day), Urdhawavahurs (who believe in putting the body through severe austerities), Vaishnavs & Shaivites. They come to the mela to perform sacred rituals pertaining to their respective groups.
8. According to Hindu mythological ancient scriptures of Veda suggests that Kumbh mela has been organized since starting of the time, however, the oldest scripture about Kumbh fair in modern history found is travel blog of ancient Chinese traveler Hiuen Tsang. Heien Tsang writes about the river fair during the rule of King Harsha.
9. The mela creates a full economic chaos also approximately 650,000 jobs and was estimated to earn around Rs 12,000 crore in 2013 too!
10. According to government data for the 2013 mela, officials set up 14 temporary hospitals, staffed with 243 doctors, more than 40,000 toilets, and stationed 50,000 police officials to maintain order.
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